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Kiddie Tax

March 20, 2015

Hi Everyone,

Tax season is nearing a close but there are still last minute tips to learn if you haven’t filed. One big question is what to do with your child’s saved and earned income?

Hopefully your child has been saving more lately. Depending on how much, they can be affected by the “Kiddie Tax.” If your child has more than $1000 in unearned income from savings interests, the income may be taxed. The rate depends on how much unearned income the child has.

Why was the Kiddie Tax created? “The Kiddie Tax was designed to keep parents from shifting investment income to their children to take advantage of the child’s lower tax bracket. This resulted in lower taxes for the family as a group since the children usually were in a lower tax bracket than the parents.” So if your child makes between $1001 to $2000 in unearned income they’ll get taxed the child rate.

In addition, the IRS states that the following two rules may affect the tax and reporting of the investment income of certain children:

  1. If the child’s interest, dividends and other unearned income total more than $2,000, part of that income may be subject to tax at the parent’s tax rate instead of the child’s tax rate, or
  2. If the child’s interest and dividend income (including capital gain distributions) total less than $10,000, the child’s parent may be able to elect to include that income on the parent’s return rather than file a return for the child.

You can use this chart to help you decide how to file for your child (see attachment to email).

IRS_chart


Taken from IRS.gov Download IRS chart

Now if your child is of working age (between 14-17) and has earned more than $6,200 in a year, he or she will have to file separately. Anything under that amount they can file jointly with you as your dependent.

Still want to learn more? Comment below to give us your questions and opinions regarding the “Kiddie Tax” and other tax related questions.

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